The original questionnaire was developed in the French language; as with the English-language version it contained 7 scales, each with 4 items. Pairwise comparisons indicate that the second cluster is different from the first and the third clusters in all six scales. Finally, we will describe the results of the study. It is also worth looking at the distribution of scores within clusters. Two participants consistently formed a separate cluster and had unique characteristics:
Two participants consistently formed a separate cluster and had unique characteristics: There were no excellent ratings in this group. Evidence of score reliability and validity of the statistical anxiety rating scale among techniken students in South Africa. Assessing statistics attitudes among college students: We were expecting somewhat higher scores in these scales, because, in order to enter University, people have to pass through a tough selection process. Personality and Individual Differences, 34, These results seem quite logical and expected, given the content of the scales: Addressing math anxiety in the classroom. Almost none of them expect to get the highest grade. Personality and Individual Differences, 26 6 , Unlike the students in the first cluster, these students perceive the course in statistics as complex, in that they are closer to the second cluster. The development and validation of a scale measuring attitudes toward statistics. Intrinsic motivation to know is defined as the fact of performing an activity for the pleasure and satisfaction that one experiences while learning, exploring, or trying to understand something new. Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 36 4 , Positive correlation with introjec-ted motivation shows that external motives, such as the need for statistics in future work, are recognized and accepted by the students. However, most of the students are aware of the relevance and importance of the course; therefore, intrinsic motivation is also high. Perseverance and motivation as dispositional antecedents of the attitude towards statistics Academic motivation as the human desire to learn and master new knowledge and competence is considered in several theoretical approaches Deci et al. The differences between the groups were significant notwithstanding the hard and regular monitoring and the high importance of the course in the curriculum, i. To test the significance of differences between the mean scores we used ANOVA; the differences were proved to be significant for all six factors. Metodologiya, Metody, Matematicheskoe Modelirovanie, , Intrinsic motivation toward accomplishments is defined as the fact of engagement in an activity for the pleasure and satisfaction that one experiences when accomplishing or creating something. Learning and Individual Differences, 21 4 , Expected and actual marks In the survey the students were asked: Journal of Education for Business, 73 1 , Innovative Higher Education, 39 1 , In this case, people with a high level of perseverance are able to continue to carry out the activity, even in the absence of positive feedback. Academic motivation was measured by the above described AMQ Gordeyeva et al.
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